angularjs - Can the Angular $injector be decorated with $provide.decorator?

Perhaps this is a terrible idea, but if it is then please tell me why and then pretend that it's an academic exercise that won't see the light of day in production.

I'd like to add some logic to the Angular $injector service, to monitor when certain services are injected into other services. Since it seems that Angular provides a mechanism for decorating services, I thought this would be the way to go. However, the following code throws an error.

(function () {
    'use strict';

    var app = angular.module('app');

    app.config(['$provide', function ($provide) {
        $provide.decorator('$injector', ['$log', '$delegate', addLoggingToInjector]);

    function addLoggingToInjector($log, $delegate) {
        var baseInstantiate = $delegate.instantiate;
        var baseInvoke = $delegate.invoke;

        $delegate.instantiate = function (type, locals) {
            // $log.debug('Calling $injector.instantiate');

            baseInstantiate(type, locals);

        $delegate.invoke = function (fn, self, locals) {
            // $log.debug('Calling $injector.invoke');

            baseInvoke(fn, self, locals);

        return $delegate;

The specific error is:

Uncaught Error: [$injector:modulerr] Failed to instantiate module app due to: Error: [$injector:unpr] Unknown provider: $injectorProvider

2 Answers

  1. Quentin- Reply


    You can't use the Angular decorator service on $injector. As Artur notes $injector is a bit different from other services. But we can create our own decorator.

    Why we can't use Angular's decorator

    At the code level the issue is that $injector doesn't have a constructor function- there's no $injectorProvider.

    For example both of these return true:


    However, while this returns true:


    this returns false:


    We see the importance when we look at the Angular decorator function:

    function decorator(serviceName, decorFn) {
       var origProvider = providerInjector.get(serviceName + providerSuffix),
           orig$get = origProvider.$get;
       origProvider.$get = function() {
          var origInstance = instanceInjector.invoke(orig$get, origProvider);
         return instanceInjector.invoke(decorFn, null, {$delegate: origInstance});


    providerSuffix = 'Provider'

    So the Angular decorator expects to operate on the service's constructor (serviceName + providerSuffix). Pragmatically, since we don't have an $injectorProvider we can't use decorator.


    What we can do is override the Angular injector's get function ourselves by replacing the injector's default get with one that calls the original, Angular defined, get followed by our function.

    We'll apply this to $injector rather than the nonexistent $injectorProvider like so:

    app.config(['$provide','$injector', function ($provide,$injector) {
        // The function we'll add to the injector
        myFunc = function () {
            console.log("injector called ", arguments);
        // Get a copy of the injector's get function
        var origProvider = $injector,
            origGet = origProvider.get;
        //Override injector's get with our own
        origProvider.get = function() {
            // Call the original get function 
            var returnValue = origGet.apply(this, arguments);
            // Call our function
            return returnValue;

    You'll see the provider being injected is the first augment, so app.value('aValue', 'something'); yields the following log statement:

    injector called  ["aValueProvider"]

    Demo fiddle

  2. Randall- Reply


    The answer is: no.

    $provide.decorator is used to intercept service creation -- that is why it is called from .config block, when there is still time to configure all services, as none of them has been created. $provide.decorator basically gets the Provider of the service and swaps its $get with newly delivered decorFn.

    $injector is not like other services. It is created, as the very first step of bootstrapping an application -- way before app.config is called. [look at functions: bootstrap and createInjector in angular source code]

    But hey, you can achieve your goal quite easily by tweaking the source code just a bit :-) Particularly look at function invoke(fn, self, locals).

    UPDATE I got some inspiration from @KayakDave. You actually do not have to dig in the source-code itself. You can use the following pattern to observe each call to any of $injector methods:

     app.config(['$injector', function ($injector) {
          $injector.proper =
              get : $injector.get,
              invoke : $injector.invoke,
              instantiate : $injector.instantiate,
              annotate : $injector.annotate,
              has : $injector.has
          function getDecorator(serviceName)
              console.log("injector GET: ", serviceName);
              return this.proper.get(serviceName);
          function invokeDecorator(fn, self, locals)
              console.log("injector INVOKE: ", fn, self, locals);
              return this.proper.invoke(fn, self, locals);
          function instantiateDecorator(Type, locals)
              console.log("injector INSTANTIATE: ", Type, locals);
              return this.proper.instantiate(Type, locals);
          function annotateDecorator (fn)
              console.log("injector ANNOTATE: ", fn);
              return this.proper.annotate(fn);
          function hasDecorator(name)
              console.log("injector HAS: ", name);
              return this.proper.has(name);
          $injector.get = getDecorator;
          $injector.invoke = invokeDecorator;
          $injector.instantiate = instantiateDecorator;
          $injector.annotate = annotateDecorator;
          $injector.has = hasDecorator;


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You can use these HTML tags and attributes <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>