united states - What does it mean to declare a national emergency under the Stafford Act or the Public Health Services Act?
The Commission on Combating Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis issued an interim report.
The first and most urgent recommendation of this Commission is direct and completely within your control. Declare a national emergency under either the Public Health Service Act or the Stafford Act. With approximately 142 Americans dying every day, America is enduring a death toll equal to September 11th every three weeks. After September 11th, our President and our nation banded together to use every tool at our disposal to prevent any further American deaths. Your declaration would empower your cabinet to take bold steps and would force Congress to focus on funding and empowering the Executive Branch even further to deal with this loss of life. It would also awaken every American to this simple fact: if this scourge has not found you or your family yet, without bold action by everyone, it soon will. You, Mr. President, are the only person who can bring this type of intensity to the emergency and we believe you have the will to do so and to do so immediately.
The report is vague about what exactly that would mean, other than "empower" and "focus on funding". What would declaring a national emergency under these acts do or enable the government to do, that it wouldn't otherwise? Would it matter which act it was declared under?