The reason some languages write down the accents while others don't

This may be a difficult question to answer but I'm curious as to the reason for this.The word película in Spanish is pe-LEE-cu-la. It has an accent to mark how to say the word.The word peninsula in English is pronounced pen-IN-su-la. But it doesn't have an accent mark. It seems like we simply learn how to pronounce this word at one point in our lives, and then from then on out, the written word reminds us of the pronunciation. (I don't think the pronunciation is inherent in the way the word is spelled, similar to how worse and horse are pronoun...Read more

Which methodology is use for comparative study between two languages?

I want to study between two languages. In that one is classical language and other is tongue language. How can I compare that two category? Which criteria is used for comparative study?I want to study between Sanskrit and Ahirani language. In that two languages Sanskrit is classical language (written text source is available) and Ahirani is tongue language written source is not available or rarely available. In that case how can we compare that languages?I observe some similarity between Ahirani and Sanskrit.ex. Shakha (sans) ==== shak (ahiran...Read more

written language - If there is a pattern to Chinese characters

Many people say that written Chinese is a difficult language to learn because the characters don't have any relation to the sound of the word, like in English and other languages, even Japanese. But I've read so far that Chinese characters are composed out of basic building blocks. This led to the list of Chinese radicals....In the list there are 214 radicals, with the last one containing 17 strokes. The first few have 1 stroke, then 2, then 3, ... etc..So you would assume from that that every single Chinese character could be derived from that...Read more

Do any languages allow merging of two sentences without punctuation?

I teach some students who are not native English speakers and commonly make this mistake in their writing: They often combine two complete sentences without any punctuation or break between them. Example: "The activity was interesting we learned a lot."Question: Are there any languages where this sort of grammar meets standard formal writing rules? By "this sort of grammar" I mean a sentence of the form:[Ind. Clause A] [Ind. Clause B]with zero punctuation or conjuction between the two clauses?...Read more