category - Open and closed final syllables in multisyllabic words

Can a 2-syllable word have two open syllables? Essentially, can the final syllable of a 2+ syllable word be open? I know that an open syllable is one where it ends with a long vowel sound and does not have a consonant to "close" it in. However, I have not been able to find out whether a final syllable that ends in "y" in a multisyllabic word (which would obviously make a long vowel sound) is open or closed. For example, the word "trophy"...are both syllables open, or is the second syllable closed because it technically ends in a consonant (...Read more

How to count syllables for affricates

I was reading about readability tests and it says The sentence "The Australian platypus is seemingly a hybrid of a mammal and reptilian creature." scores 37.5 as it has 24 syllables and 13 words.Word count: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12The Australian platypus is seemingly a hybrid of a mammal and reptilian 13creature.Syllables count: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 The Aus tra lian pla ty pus is see ming ly a hy brid of a ma mmal and rep ti22 23 24 25 26li...Read more

Syllables and mora

I have recently discovered the linguistic term 'mora' as a subset of a syllable and am thinking through some examples.How would the word 'stretched' be analysed? Is it one syllable? And what are its mora?...Read more

syllables - What is the correct syllabification for this word, and what is the authoritative source for syllabification?

What is the correct syllabification of the word "eliminate"?What is the Authoritative Source for syllabification?Just in case it is needed, the word is used in the sentence: To allow more ef|fi|cient usage of paper, more reg|u|lar ap|pear|ance of right-side mar|gins with|out re|quir|ing spac|ing ad|just|ments, and to elim|i|nate the need to erase hand-writ|ten long words begun near the end of a line that do not fit, words may be di|vided at the near|est break|point be|tween syl|la|bles and a hy|phen in|serted to in|di|cate that the let|te...Read more

How many syllables does "cry" have?

I started out to make a program which finds out the number of syllables in a word, which is when I realized that I couldn't decide how many syllables cry consists of.According to Wikipedia, A unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word; e.g., there are two syllables in water and three in infernoAccording to the above definition, cry does have 2 vowel sounds, so the number of syllables should be 2. Technically, it should be 1, since there is a 'y' and no vowel.I w...Read more

How many syllables BrE and AmE regarding the word 'secretary'?

I am from Germany and I am having a question regarding the pronunciation of AmE and BrE.I have a book and the text there says that there is a two syllable-pronunciation in BrE R.P. of the word secretary [sektrɪ] and in rapid BrE speech whereasin AmE it is pronounced [ˈsɛkrəˌtɛrɪ]In the lecture we learned that 'in the UK' secretary consists out of three syllables (but it is not R.P. meant but standard BrE???) since the book says two.other words that can be included are dictionary and necessaryThanks,...Read more

How many syllables are in "nights 'n' days"?

While I was trying to match the number of syllables in my poem, I could not be sure how many syllables these sentences below have.Count the nights and days spent together in spiteCount the nights 'n' days spent together in spiteDo these both have 11 syllables? I think the second one has 10 syllables. Am I wrong?Thanks....Read more

syllables - Is Swahili a Mora-counting language like Japanese?

I have this simple question on Kiswahili, a Bantu language.As you know in english, we can not always define morae. it's completely different from Japanese morae system.But when I learn Swahili, sometimes there appears the term morae for the explanation.So, is swahili (and many other Bantu languages) actually mora-counting language??I mean, I wonder if we can always define morae consistently in Swahili or not...It seems like the concept of morae is required to describe accent patterns in swahili, in my opinion. But how do you guys think?...Read more

syllables - Is there a "maximal coda principle"?

The "maximal onset principle" says that, in many (most) languages, consonants will attach to a syllable onset rather than a coda when given the choice. For example, "walking" /wakɪŋ/ in English is syllabified as wa.kɪŋ, even though wak is a valid syllable, because the k prefers to be in an onset.Wikipedia's article on Turkish, however, says that: Turkish syllabification in multisyllable words follows maximal coda ruleI've never heard of a "maximal coda rule" before, and the examples in the same Wikipedia article don't seem to show one clearly....Read more

syllables - What are the syllabification rules for English?

I am trying to break a word down into syllables and am not quite sure how to do it for English. Some problems I face: The letter-to-sound rules are not one-to-one. As an example, notice that z"ea"l and "ee"l are different in orthography but map to the same sounds. English has a large number of foreign words incorporated into it, which makes "sticking" to a certain set of rules all the more difficult. So my question is:1. Are there any definite rules for breaking a word in English down into its constituent syllables (CV, CVV, CCV etc.?).2. Wha...Read more

syllables - Same words with different syllabification

I am Italian and I need to split English words into syllables for suprasegmental phonetic analysis. I'm noticing that the Longman Online Dictionary http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/ gives different syllabification according to whether a word is a noun or verb/adjective.For example:study (verb): study (one syllable)study (noun): stud - yoropen (adj): o-penopen (verb): open (one syllable)Is there a specific reason for that and hopefully a specific rule to follow?...Read more