parliament - Why did the Knesset vote to dissolve itself after Netanyahu failed to form a majority coalition?

After the latest Knesset (Israeli parliament) elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was given the first chance to try to form a coalition government. However, he failed to do so by the deadline: he only managed to get 60 seats' worth of parties (so, one seat short of a majority), due to a dispute between would-be coalition partners.As I understand it, the default result of this failure would be that a different party leader (presumably Benny Gantz of Blue and White) would next be given a chance to form a coalition; but instead, the just-...Read more

parliament - Is there a fusion of powers in parliamentary regimes?

When discussing separation of powers in my introductory political science course, the lecturer asserted that there isn't a fusion of power between the executive (prime minister + cabinet) and the legislature/assembly. The reason for this was that assembly members, regardless of their party or position in the executive, act as representatives of their districts when voting in the assembly.However, the course textbook (The Science of Politics, Colomer) appears to state that since the executive is formed by support of the legislative majority, the...Read more

house of representatives - Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliaments to have knowledge on the constitution?

In most democracies, elected members of parliament are representatives of people who elect them. They are also supposed to pass laws, make amendments and perform other functions. Being representatives, they are supposed to do something for people, so that they be elected again or are in good books. But there is nothing to check how good they are with the constitution which they are supposed to protect and build on.So I have the following questions:Why isn't it mandatory for elected members of parliament to pass a(written) test on the constituti...Read more

parliament - How can the Indian government ban old notes without passing any bill/law?

Before making any major decisions/policy/law for the public the Indian government should pass a bill. It's usually done through the voting by the Member of Parliaments in the Parliament. After getting the required number of votes the bill/law is passed.The same thing had happened in 2000 & 2014 for the bifurcations of the states in India.However, in November 2016, the Indian government without any bill (or anything similar) banned higher denomination notes and gave 50 days to the public to exchange them with the new currency. How did the In...Read more

parliament - How is the schedule for Senate Committees determined in Canada?

As I understand it, the Canadian Senate can refer bills to a Senate Committee to be studied in more detail. Once a bill is referred:How is the schedule for reviewing the bill determined? (Who makes the decision to put a meeting on the Senate Committee's agenda, and when/where is the decision made?)Is there a legal limit for how long a Senate Committee can consider a bill, or can they essentially "sit" on a bill forever?...Read more

Are there examples of when Parliament decided against the results of a Referendum?

For those hiding under a rock, the UK’s future in the EU is being decided right now by means of a referendum.This, coupled with the constant talk of a plebiscite for marriage equality in Australia got me thinking.Generally, referendums and plebiscites are meant to show the will of a people on a single topic. However, they are not always binding and the government of the day does not have to act on them. This is particularly apparent in Australia where a number of Senators/MP's have come out and said that regardless of the result, they will vote...Read more

parliament - Can the prime minister resign during a no-confidence vote?

On May 31 and June 1, there will be a no-confidence vote on the Spanish Parliament against the current prime minister Mariano Rajoy. It was registered by PSOE, currently the biggest party in the opposition.Some newspapers mention things like La posibilidad de que Rajoy dimita sobrevuela las horas previas a la moción de censura in Spanish, that is, The possibility that Rajoy resigns flies over the hours prior to the motion of censure.We learnt some days ago that once a no-confidence vote has been registered in the parliament, the government cann...Read more

socialism - Are there countries considered socialist that do NOT have parliaments and elections?

I know that in USSR, even during the most totalitarian times, there used to be elections and a representative legislative body (Supreme Soviet) - leaving aside the actual competitiveness of the elections or the practical functionality of the Soviet to do anything other than rubber-stamp CPSU decisions.The question is:We re there any countries (in recent history - say, after 500 AD) that can unambiguously be considered Socialist, but which did NOT have a real or pretend representative elected legislative body (where voting is open to a large pro...Read more

parliament - What does "direct Spanish rule over Catalonia" actually mean?

According to the Independent: Spain has announced it will impose direct rule over Catalonia, after the region's leaders failed to meet a deadline to withdraw a declaration of independence.This will be done by triggering article 155 from the Spanish Constitution: If a self-governing community does not fulfill the obligations imposed upon it by the constitution or other laws, or acts in a way that is seriously prejudicial to the general interest of Spain, the government, after having lodged a complaint with the president of the self-gove...Read more