morphosyntax - How do various frameworks account for situations when multiple cases can be assigned?

My mother and I went to the market. My mother and me went to the market. Many (most?) English speakers today will accept both of these as grammatical. But it would be hard to argue that they represent different syntactic structures. So how do various linguistic frameworks account for situations like these in which multiple cases can be assigned?Edit: There's quite a bit of discussion in the comments about what role case plays in English today, and what it would mean for cases to be fixed or not. When I asked this question I was thinking of ca...Read more

Alignment and dotfill in cases - TeX

This is what I want:This is what I get:I want two (or three) equations in cases and I want to align the equal sign (that's no problem). And then I want to have some text in every row. The text should be right aligned and I want dots between the equation and the text, just like it is when I don't have cases. I don't know how to right align the texts inside the cases. Here is my code:\documentclass[a5paper]{book} \usepackage[top=1.8cm, bottom=2.7cm, left=2.7cm, right=1.8cm]{geometry} \usepackage{amsthm,amsmath} \makeatletter \renewcom...Read more

Why does numcases uses a different bracket to cases? - TeX

\documentclass{article}\usepackage{amsmath}\usepackage{cases}\begin{document}Cases:\begin{equation}\begin{cases} N + N/4 \\ 6-W_{|N|}\end{cases}\end{equation}Numcases:\begin{subnumcases}{} N + N/4 \\ 6-W_{|N|} \end{subnumcases}\end{document}I would like to have the sub-numbering of subnumcases but with the standard bracket of cases....Read more

cases - Errors using piecewise function - TeX

I am currently attempting to write a homework assignment in LaTeX and I need to create a piecewise function in order to solve the problem; however, no matter what I try, I am given errors. I have attempted a lot of different solution but nothing is working. I will give a few examples below and what I have attempted. Also, I have made sure to include \usepackage{amsmath} in the beginning of my document.\[ h(x) = \begin{cases} {2x} - 3 & x\leq 3 \\ 3 & x > 3 \end{cases}\]This one gives me 'misplaced alignment tab charac...Read more

alignment - Align text in a cases environment with text outside - TeX

If want to align the code such that all the `if ...' part are also aligned. But I can't make it happen, because two of the three equations are in a cases environment and the other one isn't. \begin{align} g^B(x)&= \begin{cases} T & \text{if $x$ is $\tr$,} \\ F & \text{if $x$ is $\fa$.} \end{cases}\\ g^\ell (x)&= a \xor g^B(z) &\text{if $x = y\lef a \rig z$}\\ g^B(x)&= \begin{cases} T & \text{if $x$ is $\tr$,} \\ F & \text{if $x$ is $\fa$.} \end{cases}\end{align}...Read more

workflow - how to automatically convert \cases to \begin{cases} \end{cases}? - TeX

Is there some smart macro I could add in the preamble to handle this LaTeX auto-generated code?I use Maple's latex() command to convert results to LaTeX that I then compile using texlive in a separate document.Sometimes it generates the wrong LaTeX or broken LaTeX. Here is an example of one such case:The above output is send to a latex file and wrapped inside \begin{equation} and \end{equation}. I picked equation environment to put the result inside, but I can change this if it helps in conversions. This is all done using an automated script. I...Read more

alignat with right curly bracket/cases spanning some but not all lines - TeX

Currently I am trying something that should be possible, but I cannot figure out how to make it work. I'm using alignat to make a 2-point align for the entries of five lines of math-code. I want to place a curly bracket on the right side spanning the vertical space of the last four lines and at the tip of the accolade put some math symbols.On the left side, the curly bracket can be done in cases mode, by using\begin{cases} ... \end{cases}However, this only seems to work outside an environment like align. I have come across the rcases environme...Read more

inflection - Do case endings really make sentences shorter?

In the Language Construction Kit, Mark Rosenfelder makes the claim that case endings 'makes things compact and frees up word order'. The latter is pretty obvious, but do case endings really make things more 'compact'? I fail to see why. For case endings you still have to add a phoneme or two to the end of a word (well, assuming the language uses suffixes to mark case), which is about as long as many prepositions. Also, many languages with case (though not all) also have adjective-noun agreement, which means that the case ending appears for ever...Read more

japanese - What is the difference between the nominative case and the subject?

I'm studying Japanese and recently I came across the term "double nominatives". The idea is that ga marks the nominative case, so a phrase with two ga has two phrases in the nominative case:boku ga eiga ga suki daI NOM movies NOM like COPI like moviesI understand that the copula da is supposed to connect the subject to the complement. Since there's only one copula, it makes sense to think that there's only one subject. However, two phrases are marked as nominative. So one of them is nominative AND subject, and the other is ONLY nominativ...Read more

prepositions - What is the difference between case and adpositions?

The preposition expressions like "on top of the table", "under the tree", "above the building" are very well understood. Comparing these with the Germany noun cases "auf dem Tisch", "unter dem Baum", "die Farbe der Kleidung", "Ich sehe den Wagen". Also with Finnish noun case "Poydaallaa".I really feel that essentially there are no difference between preposition/postposition with the noun case. I mean (roughly) if the preposition is separated from its noun then we will call it as preposition, but if the preposition is 'attached' to the noun then...Read more

What is the difference between Arabic forms and cases?

Every word in Arabic derives from 3 root letters. Forms in Arabic are a way of modifying these roots to create new words whose meaning is based on the original one. For example, one might turn a verb like "help" into the verb "cooperate", which carries the connotation of working in groups. Thus, essentially each verb in Arabic can be modified from its original root to make a new word with a different meaning.How is this different from the role cases play in languages that rely strongly on cases (such as German, Polish, and Russian)? In Englis...Read more

cases - Is there a name other than “absolute” for this kind of construction?

In some languages there are absolute constructions like the Genitive Absolute in Greek:Καὶ ἤδη ὥρας πολλῆς γενομένης προσελθόντες αὐτῷ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ ἔλεγον ὅτι ἔρημός ἐστιν ὁ τόπος καὶ ἤδη ὥρα πολλή·Where the genitive phrase (in bold) is grammatically independent from the rest of the sentence and is translated as a dependent clause ("When it had already become late...").In English as well there are absolute constructions like, "All things being equal," and so on.Is there a name for a construction that is actually a part of the main clause bu...Read more